English Grammar: English Lesson no.3

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1 – Quiz

Use a form of Say or Tell to complete the following sentences.  Answers are in section 8.  Studying Part 5 will help with this exercise.

a) The young woman _____ me that she was feeling sick.
b) The police officer _____ that he was giving me a ticket.
c) Johan _____ where the movie was playing.
d) The surgeon _____ the patient that he had to alter his diet.
e) The sun _____ us if it is night or day.
f)  The pirate _____ where the hidden treasure was.  
g) The boy _____ his mother that he had been stung by a bee.
h) Ali _____ that he was going away for the weekend.

2 – New Words From The Vocab Club
Our Daily Vocab Club has learned seven new words this week. Here are the seven new words:

Needle = to tease or to incite to action by repeated gibes. (verb) 
Offhand = casual or in a relaxed manner. (adjective)
Paragon = a model of excellence or perfection. (noun)
Quagmire = soft, miry land or a difficult predicament. (noun)
Rumble = to make a low, heavy rolling sound. (verb)
Scald = to burn with hot liquid or steam. (verb)
Troop = a group of people, things or animals. (noun)


3 – Student Essay  

 This essay was submitted by Ionut.

Some people believe that we experience wars due to the existene of soldiers, while others think we can live in peace due to the same reason. In my opinion, we should have armies or national defense groups for the following reasons.

First, we couldn’t maintain the freedom and staiblity of the world without them. In 1950, Korean War took place because South Korea had no army to say they could prevent from breaking of war, so couldn’t escape the Korean War.

Second, As long as the conflicts among the countries exist and they are not resoulved by natural communication, we can’t run away from a war. So, most countries have their own armies to be ready for the crisis like that. Without them, we can lose our country to live in peace.

Finally, without the troops, no country or its people are not safe form the danger of armed revolt of guerilla. There are so many conflicts in the world due to some reasons, such as political confrontation, economic issue, or nationalism.

In summary, I strongly maintain that each country should have its own army or something to maintain peace, to defense the nation from the poes, and to defeat the armed guerilla or revolts. Of course, armies can cause some problems, such as rising taxes or time consuming of young people, yet we can’t exist without peace because peace can’t remain witout armies.

4 – Comments about the Essay

This student has written a very thought-provoking essay on war.  Some very intelligent and articulate points were presented here for us to consider.  Some controversial ideas are also contained in this essay which another student may want to comment on in the future.  Good work on preparing this essay.

There are just a few points which should be corrected.  In the fourth paragraph a double negative is used – “no country or its people are not safe from…”.  In this sentence we should not say “not safe”.  This is an extra negative – be careful of this.  In the second paragraph the phrase “breaking of war” is used.  I think the term “break out of war” is what the writer means to say.  Also, be careful of incorrect spelling – existence, stability, foes.

                                    Good Ionut !!!

5 – Say and Tell
Understanding when to use Say or Tell:

Say is followed by a noun clause.  Immediately after say you should use a noun clause (noun clauses usually begin with: that, which, whether, what, where, etc.)

Example:              She said that her friend was from China.
                            My brother said where he wanted to go.
                            They said what movie they wanted to see.

Tell is followed by a noun or pronoun object and then by a noun clause.  You will always use a noun or pronoun object (me, us, him, her, etc.) after tell. 

Example:              She told me that her friend was from China.
                            My brother told him where he wanted to go.
                            They told us what movie they wanted to see.
                            Susan told Georgina that she was sick.

If you follow these rules you can always be confident that you are using Say and Tell correctly in your writing and conversation.  

6 – A Chocolaty Recipe
Chocolate-Chocolate Chip Cookies

Presenting the ultimate treat for the die-hard chocolate fan….

1 1/4 cups all-purpose flour
2 tablespoons unsweetened Dutch-process cocoa powder
1 teaspoon baking powder
3/4 teaspoon salt
1 pound fine-quality bittersweet chocolate (not unsweetened)
1 stick (1/2 cup) unsalted butter
1/2 cup sugar
3 large eggs

Preheat oven to 350°F. and line a large baking sheet with parchment paper.

Into a bowl sift together flour, cocoa and baking powders, and salt. Coarsely chop chocolate. In a double boiler or a large metal bowl set over a saucepan of barely simmering water melt butter with three fourths chocolate, stirring until smooth.

Remove chocolate mixture from heat and stir in sugar. Stir in eggs 1 at a time until combined well and stir in flour mixture until just combined. Chill dough, covered, at least 10 minutes and up to 1 hour.

Drop rounded tablespoon measures of dough about 1‚ inches apart onto baking sheet and stud each cookie with a few pieces remaining chocolate. Bake in middle of oven 10 minutes, or until just set. Cool cookies on sheet on rack 5 minutes and transfer with a spatula to rack to cool completely. Make more cookies with remaining dough in same manner. Cookies may be kept in an airtight container at room temperature 3 days.

Makes about 36 cookies.

7 – Interesting Facts
1) Coca-Cola was originally green.
2) The Hawaiian alphabet has 12 letters.
3) Percentage of Africa that is wilderness: 28%
    Percentage of North America that is wilderness: 38%
4) Average number of people airborne over the US any given hour: 61,000.
5) The youngest pope was 11 years old.
6) Iceland consumes more Coca-Cola per capita than any other nation.
7) A duck’s quack doesn’t echo, and no one knows why.
8) The Main Library at Indiana University sinks over an
inch every year because when it was built, engineers failed to take
into account the weight of all the books that would occupy the building.
9) 111,111,111 x 111,111,111 = 12,345,678,987,654,321
10) “I am.” is the shortest complete sentence in the English language.

8 – Quiz Answers
Here are the answers from section 1:

a) told
b) said
c) said
d) told
e) tells
f) said
g) told
h) said

S-ar putea sa iti placa…