English Grammar: English Lesson no.4

Publicat deIoana Ioana

1 – Quiz

Complete the following sentences using a correct coordinating conjunction.  Answers are in section 8.  Studying Part 5 will help with this exercise.

a) Did you go see a horror _____ an action movie?
b) I wanted to talk to her _____ she wasn’t home.  I’ll call again later.
c) He is able to repair wiring _____ plumbing.
d) I have diabetes, _____ I can’t eat too much sugar.
e) Does she enjoy listening to jazz _____ classical music?
f)  Ali wanted to go shopping _____ he lost his wallet.
g) Bodhan likes skiing _____ scuba diving.
h) It is snowing very hard, _____ I’m not going to work today.

Use one of the following words:

                               but     and     or     so 

2 – New Words From The Vocab Club
Our Daily Vocab Club has learned seven new words this week. Here are the seven new words:

Underscore = to emphasize. (verb)
Vilify = to make bad comments or abusive statements against someone. (verb)
Wholesome = promoting health of body, mind and spirit. (adjective)
Yowl = to cry out in grief, pain or distress. (verb)
Adapt = to make fit, often by modification. (verb)
Bon vivant = a French term commonly used in English. It means literally ‘good living’. (noun)
Certificate = a document containing a certified statement as to the truth of something. (noun)

3 – Student Essay  
 This essay was submitted by Maria.

Nations and people are all time concerned about peace and war, nevertheless concerning about security many horrible things have been done, people die, places are devasted and so on.

Have u ever wondered about the real necessity of an army????? I can’t find any good reason for it existence, at least a real reason… if people want to leave in peace why they do not rely in each other????? Can you find a good reason? Well, I can! People are always afraid of beeing less than someone or that someone take advantege of them… but, how many times they have taken advantage of someone? So it’s reciprocal… you do something to someone and you know it wasn’t any good, then you become afraid that someone would be able to do the same with you, how can you trust somebody then? You can’t.

So you can’t leave your house alone, you can’t park your car safetely, you can’t rely other countries,cause you can’t even rely your neighbor…

Now, in such a place, a place that you can’t rely anyone, you must need something to prevent you from violence, from being stolen, cause you have RIGHTS but not obligations…

Most of at all, there’s no real risk, but we are always afraid… we never know what can happen…

So we can justify our negligency, our fails, our unrelyness… cause if someone or a contry think something isn’t ok, they have an army to protect them, and we do not need even to ask for any reasonable apologises, we’ll be able to change it at all… but how?

If we are fighting for peace, our strategy is wrong cause we have the war to happen, the violence to come, people to die…


4 – Comments about the Essay
This is an interesting perspective presented.  I think there are some good ideas and topics for consideration in this essay.  I think many people will enjoy reading and debating the points outlined in this writing.

There are some mistakes in this essay which should be addressed.  In the second paragraph you should say “its existence”, people live in peace, why do they not rely on each other, etc.  Also, please be careful of spelling – being, safely, advantage, etc.  When you are writing you should also not use slang abbreviations such as ‘u’ or ’cause’.  Your ideas are very interesting and I can tell you have a strong ability for writing due to your natural approach.  My suggestion is to concentrate on correct structure and use your ability!  You are really doing great!  Good Luck!

                                Good Work Maria !!!

5 – Conjunctions
An important part of using English correctly is understanding how to use conjunctions.  Follow these rules to understand how to use coordinate conjunctions correctly.


Use and for the idea of addition.

I like hockey and baseball.     
I drink coffee and tea.
He speaks French and German.


Use or when you would like to present alternatives.

Would you like chocolate or vanilla ice cream?
Do you prefer apples or oranges?
Will you go to Hawaii or Fiji?


Use but when you want to talk about contrast or an opposite idea.

He has a lot of money but no car.
My son is very clean but my daughter is messy.
The house is old but in good condition.


Use so to express a cause/effect relationship (because of this).

He works 18 hours a day, so he rarely sees his family.
It is cold today, so I will wear a coat.
I don’t like potatoes, so I never eat french fries.

6 – Recipe

Chocolate Mud Cake

Active time: 20 min Start to finish: 2 1/2 hr

You can also make this cake in 2 (81/2- by 41/2- by 21/2-inch) loaf pans.

4 oz unsweetened chocolate, chopped
3 oz fine-quality bittersweet chocolate, chopped
1 1/2 sticks unsalted butter, cut into pieces
1 1/2 cups strong brewed coffee
5 tablespoons bourbon (preferably 80 proof)
2 large eggs, lightly beaten
1 teaspoon vanilla
2 cups cake flour (not self-rising)
1 3/4 cups sugar
1 teaspoon baking soda
1/4 teaspoon salt

Special equipment: 2 (7- or 8-inch) springform pans

Accompaniment: sweetened whipped cream and fresh berries

Preheat oven to 275°F Butter springform pans and line bottom of each with a round of wax paper. Butter paper and dust pans with flour, knocking out excess. Wrap bottom and 1 inch up side on outside of each springform pan with foil (to catch drips).

Melt chocolates and butter with coffee in a 4-quart saucepan over moderately low heat, stirring constantly until smooth. Remove from heat and cool 10 minutes. Beat in bourbon, eggs, and vanilla. Sift in flour, sugar, baking soda, and salt and stir until batter is smooth (batter will be thin).

Divide batter between springform pans (about 3 cups batter in each). Bake cakes in middle of oven 1 to 1 1/4 hours, or until a tester inserted in centers comes out with crumbs adhering. Remove from oven and cool in pans on racks 20 minutes. Run a thin knife around edge of each pan, then remove sides. When cool, remove pan bottoms and wax paper.

Makes 2 small cakes (serves 12)

7 – Interesting Facts
1) 7% of Americans eat McDonalds each day.
2) Each year, Americans spend more on cat food than on baby food.
3) 96% of a cucumber is water.
4) 50% of bank robberies take place on Fridays.
5) 60% of electrocutions occur while talking on the phone during a thunderstorm.
6) By 65 years old, Americans have watched more than nine years of television.
7) In Japan, 20% of all publications sold are comic books.
8) In the next seven days, 800 Americans will be injured by their jewelry.
9) You are more likely to get attacked by a cow than a shark.
10) Buckingham Palace has over 600 rooms.

8 – Quiz Answers
Here are the answers from section 1:

a) or
b) but
c) and
d) so
e) or
f) but
g) and
h) so

S-ar putea sa iti placa…